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Spring planting season 15 January - 28 February
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Autumn planting season 15 June-31 August

Usually the bulbous plants, tuber, corms and rhizome species are herbaceous, having a stem or an altering underground growth. These are geophyton species, they store the provision nutrients in such organs. The primary function of the bulbs is that permanently assure the nutrients especially during the winter dormancy. The bulbous plants are perennial in botanical meaning, because they have a growing and a blooming life. After these periods the leaves are withered and only the underground presence of the bulbs indicates the living plants.



Plants provided by Tulipánvilág are clasified into following groups:

1.Bulbs (tulipa, narcissus, liliom, amarillis, hyacint, muscari, scilla, allium stb.)

2.Tuber (begonia, eranthis, anemone, cyclamen, oxalis, gloriosa etc.)

3.Corm (crocus, gladiolus, colchicum, watsonia, fresia, ixia, acidenthera és néhány iris faj etc.)

4.Tuberous roots (dahlia, eremurus, ranunculus, clivia, alstromelia, comellina etc.)

5.Rhizome (convallaria, achimenes, canna, agapanthus, zantedeschia, iris species and varieties)

6. Fleshy roots (hemerocallis,  peonia stb.)

7.Pseudo-bulbs of Orchid (bletilla, pleione)

Beside these groups we can classify the bulbous plants in Tunicate (leaves form a tunicated bulb) like tulip, daffodil, hyacinth, muscari, allium and Imbricate ( scaly bulb) like lilies. The previous ones have an outermost dry layer, the latter ones do not have.

In case of the spring –flowering bulbs (tulip, hyacinth, daffodil, crocus, iris) the root begins to form in autumn, so they have roots before the frost comes. (that is why it is important to be planted until late October, 2-4 weeks before frost). A few species develop root tensions, which pull the bulbs into a proper depth. This is the explanation of the various tulip bulbs migration. We can meet such root tensions at crocus, gladiolus, colchicum families..

Propagation

Many bulbs, such as tulips and daffodils, develop new bulbs around their parents. After a while this will cause the diminuation of the bulbs size, so it is recommended to separate them and plant apart. In case of the tulips must be done every 3 years, but daffodils can be disturbed every 6-7 years.

1. Propagation by cormels (tulipa, narcissus, amarillis, sprekelia, crinum, allium, gladiolus, scilla,stenbergia, leucojum, galanthus, gagea, muscari, crocus, ornithogalum)
Cormels are produced around the edges of their parent bulb, they can be separated and planted apart every 2-3 years. If we do not act like that, the corm would be overcrowded, the cormels flowering time will be delayed and the parent becomes effete. If they are smaller, cultivate them in pots and plant them in gardens later, on their eventual places.

2. Propagation by bulblets (lilies)
Most lilies produce bulblets arising from the leaf axil on their stem. These bulblets must be planted in pots (not so deep) and after winter they should be planted in gardens during autumn.

3. Propagation by seed (crocus, tulipa, colchicum, allium, liliom, cyclamen, iris, muscari , calochortus, camassia, chionodoxa, erythronium, fritillaria, gladiolus, leucojum, nerine, scilla)
This is a difficult method, which needs a lot of patience and niggling. Bulbous plants raised from seeds take as many as three to four years (minimum) before flowers are produced. Seeds are in bolls and they are mature when bolls become brown of colour. Dry seeds should be soaked for 24 hours before shed. The soil must contain sand in proportion of 1/3 and they sould winter in the first 2 years in any case. Do not moister them excessively and keep adding nutrients in order to outgrow. Plant them apart every year, so you can obtain a good size for blooming.

4. Propagation by scales (liliom, fritillaria)
In this procedure the bulbs are scaled by simply peeling off their outside scales together with a piece of stem. We remove only the healthy, fleshy, unharmed scales. Treat them with fungicide and put them into a bag filled with perlite. After 3 months put the bag into the refrigerator for a period of 6-8 weeks. Since the planting time the bulblets will appear within 4-5 months, and they must be treated according to description in section 2.

5. Propagation by twin-scales (narcissus)
This one is the bulbs dividing method, according to this, the scales are removed in pairs. The further steps are the same as described in section 4.

6. Propagation by division and cutting (hippeastrum, narcissus, galanthus, begonia)
Work with a clean and disinfected knife and slice into the bottom of the bulb making 4 or even 16 slits if they are large in size. Treat the slices with fungicide, then put them into bags filled with perlite and store them on room temperature for 10-12 weeks. During this period the bulblets should appear along the cuts, remove them and cultivate them according to description in sections 1 and 2.

7. Propagation by cutting and scooping (hyacint)
In late summer cut out approximately 5 mm from the bottom of the bulb. Treat them with fungicide, then put them in a bag filled with perlite for a few weeks until the bulblets appear along the cuts. Then turn the cut bulbs upside down in moistured perlite until the bulblets reach a good size. Then follow the steps described in sections 1 and 2. 

 


 
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